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The ‘remedy’ claims to contain medicinal extracts and essences from plants such as

mallow, artichoke, hops, arnica, valerian, mountain pine, plantain and many more. While it

cannot be denied that the major content is alcohol, there does seem to be agreement among

the German medical profession that one should not oppose the use of this medicine in that

particular group of patients.

Nevertheless, it is very obvious that health activists cannot live with the idea that even

one or two units of alcohol per day might be healthier than total abstinence. Statistical

adjustments for almost all important circumstances of life the view study of a human

population to the observation of rats in a cage, where all the animals are held under equal

conditions

.

Is it allowed to ask whether, in research involving data on thousands of

individuals, the analytical methods applied in the BMJ study might lead to a type II error? The

damaging effects of long lasting alcohol abuse are well known, and one of the diseases to

which the addicted person might succumb is liver cirrhosis, in which the cause of death might

be massive bleeding in the oesophagus. Those performing an autopsy on those cases will

usually observe that the vascular system is free of arteriosclerosis. Maybe the health activist

and those leading a more or less healthy life but having a drink once in a while can reach a

compromise and agree that one or two classes wine or beer in a while is not better than not

drinking at all, but at least it is also not damaging their health.

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References:

1.

Knott CS, Coombs N, Stamatakis E, Biddulph JP. All cause mortality and the case for

age specific alcohol consumption guidelines: pooled analyses of up to 10 population based

cohorts. BMJ. 2015;350:h384.

2.

Ferrieres J. The French paradox: lessons for other countries. Heart. 2004;90(1):107-11.

3.

Di Castelnuovo A, Rotondo S, Iacoviello L, Donati MB, De Gaetano G. Meta-analysis

of wine and beer consumption in relation to vascular risk. Circulation. 2002;105(24):2836-44.

4.

Di Castelnuovo A, Costanzo S, Donati MB, Iacoviello L, de Gaetano G. Alcohol

consumption and cardiovascular risk: an epidemiological perspective. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc

Dis. 2007;17(8):561-4.

5.

O'Keefe JH, Bybee KA, Lavie CJ. Alcohol and cardiovascular health: the razor-sharp

double-edged sword. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;50(11):1009-14.